2024-05-23 我爱学习 阅读 投稿:本站作者


1. 表示“错误”,通常为可数名词;表示犯错误,通常用动词 make;另外注意与介词常用搭配。如:

You made a mistake about the time. 你弄错了时间。

She made a mistake over the bill. 她把账算错了。

Don’t make any mistake about me. 不要误解我的意思。

用于by mistake, 意为“错误地”“弄错地”。如:

The nurse gave me the wrong medicine by mistake. 护士给我吃错了药。

I’m sorry, I opened one of your letters by mistake. 对不起,我错拆了你的一封信。

2. 用作动词,表示“把……误认为是……”,一般用介词 for。如:

She mistook a rope for a snake. 她把一条绳子误认为蛇。

She had mistaken friendship for love. 她误把友情当成了爱情。


1. 表示某人的误会、误解或弄错等,通常用作表语。如:

It appears to me that you are all mistaken. 我看你们都错了。


He is mistaken about her. 他误会她了。

He may have been mistaken about what he saw. 他可能看错了。

有时后接in doing sth,表示“错误地……”。如:

You are mistaken in thinking that they will help you. 你要是认为他们会帮助你,那你就错了。

要加强语气,除可用very, very much, quite, seriously等修饰外,还可用sadly修饰。如:

If you think I’m going to help, you’re sadly mistaken. 如果你认为我会帮忙,那你就完全错了。

2. 表示错误的行为、想法或犯错误的人等,多用作定语。如:

That’s a mistaken idea. 那是个错误的想法。

A mistaken person should admit his error. 一个犯错误的人应该要承认错误。

I helped him in the mistaken belief that he needed me. 我误以为他需要我所以去帮助他了。